crossword puzzle

Vol. 41 Issue 2 Crossword Puzzle

Test your knowledge of some important facts in The Home Issue of La Gente and from LaGente.org!

Plus, if you bring your completed crossword to our office (Kerckhoff 149E) you’ll get some FREE La Gente swag!

Across:
2. An unofficial Roman Catholic iPhone application used for absolving sins
6. Handwoven Mexican-style leather shoes
8. One of the two bills composing the California DREAM Act that allows undocumented students to apply for Cal Grants
10. The Urdu translation of the Latino term of endearment, “mijo”
12. LA city attorney filing criminal charges against 33 peaceful immigrant rights protestors
13. This ______ catalogue addresses housing needs for students whose homes are too far for commuting
15. After the recent vote by the UC Board of Regents, UC tuition is ______ times higher than it was a decade ago
16. The second largest language spoken in the US
17. Father ______, founder of Homeboy Industries
18. the American university returning about 5000 artifacts originally taken from Machu Picchu in Peru

Down:
1. Mujeres de _____, a multimedia women’s art collective
2. Brazilian soccer club with whom recently-retired Ronaldo had a contract
3. Smallest Central American country (geographically)
4. Type of communication service recently stopped from Cuba to the US
5. Gas company sentenced to pay $8.6 billion to an Amazonian tribe for 18 billion gallons of toxic waste in Ecuador
7. 85% of undocumented workers have been victims of weekly _________ violations
9. This agency will be auditing some 1000 business in search of undocumented workers
11. One of the most complex graffiti styles involving a compilation of interlocking letters and symbols
13. Campaign fighting for the rights of car wash workers
14. Prominent British street artist whose work includes an aerosol stencil of Abraham Lincoln on cardboard

Enjoy!

For solutions, scroll down….

mexico-2010-155

Aprendizaje en la vida real

El segundo idioma más hablado en el hogar en los Estados Unidos es el español, de acuerdo con la Encuesta sobre la Comunidad Estadounidense por la Oficina del Censo de los EE.UU.

Katie Hawkins, una estudiante de español de cuarto año, considera que es beneficioso ser bilingüe en español e inglés, ya que es útil para encontrar trabajo. Especialmente en una ciudad tan grande de hispanohablantes como Los Ángeles es necesario para comunicarse con la mayoría de la población.

Dado el predominio de español, el Departamento de Español y Portugués de la UCLA ofrece opciones de práctica en la vida real para preparar a los estudiantes a hablar el idioma hábilmente y para servir mejor las necesidades de una comunidad diversa.

La crisis de presupuesto ha hecho difícil mantener clases pequeñas, pero de acuerdo con el director del departamento de español y portugués, Maarten Van Delden, ahora hay seminarios de Capstone, un nuevo requisito en la especialización del español. Estos seminarios ofrecen a los estudiantes la oportunidad de practicar su español en una clase pequeña y trabajar en colaboración con su profesor en un proyecto de investigación.

Profesora de español, Julieta Falce-Robinson, cree que la inmersión en la cultura es importante para la competencia lingüística, de lo contrario se desconecta con el idioma y es mucho menos probable que lo aprendan.

Para Hawkins, estudiando en Barcelona fue crítico para su adquisición del español. Debido a que todas sus clases eran en español y sus profesores no hablaban inglés se vio obligada a hablarlo todo el tiempo. En nuestra vida cotidiana, realizar las tareas pertinentes como estas en un idioma extranjero es lo que la profesora Falce-Robinson define como el aprendizaje basado en tareas.

Clases de aprendizaje mediante el servicio son otra opción para practicar el español en las interacciones de la vida real. Estas clases son un requisito para la especialización de comunidad y culturas de español en UCLA, pero se ofrece como un curso electivo para los estudiantes de otras especializaciones en español.

Profesor Falce-Robinson enseña clases de aprendizaje mediante el servicio. Aquí los estudiantes tienen la oportunidad de utilizar los conocimientos culturales y lingüísticos adquiridos en las clases de español en situaciones reales. Ella cree que las clases de aprendizaje mediante el servicio ayudan a los estudiantes alcanzar la competencia lingüística de la que tanto el estudiante como la comunidad benefician.

Maggie Sosnowski, estudiante de lingüística y español de cuarto año, esta tomando una clase de aprendizaje mediante el servicio a través de la cual sirve a la comunidad latina por 8 a 10 horas a la semana y donde practica su español. “Ha sido 100 por ciento beneficioso, me está haciendo utilizar el español en lugares donde nunca tenía que hacerlo,” ella dijo.

La interacción personal es una parte esencial del aprendizaje de cómo hacer las conexiones reales entre el conocimiento y la práctica.

El Departamento de Español y Portugués de UCLA ofrece opciones de práctica a los estudiantes que proveen experiencias de aprendizaje significantes y relevantes ayudando a crear un puente a las barreras del lenguaje en la comunidad que les rodea.

mexico-2010-155

Aprendizaje en la vida real

El segundo idioma más hablado en el hogar en los Estados Unidos es el español, de acuerdo con la Encuesta sobre la Comunidad Estadounidense por la Oficina del Censo de los EE.UU.

Katie Hawkins, una estudiante de español de cuarto año, considera que es beneficioso ser bilingüe en español e inglés, ya que es útil para encontrar trabajo. Especialmente en una ciudad tan grande de hispanohablantes como Los Ángeles es necesario para comunicarse con la mayoría de la población.

Dado el predominio de español, el Departamento de Español y Portugués de la UCLA ofrece opciones de práctica en la vida real para preparar a los estudiantes a hablar el idioma hábilmente y para servir mejor las necesidades de una comunidad diversa.

La crisis de presupuesto ha hecho difícil mantener clases pequeñas, pero de acuerdo con el director del departamento de español y portugués, Maarten Van Delden, ahora hay seminarios de Capstone, un nuevo requisito en la especialización del español. Estos seminarios ofrecen a los estudiantes la oportunidad de practicar su español en una clase pequeña y trabajar en colaboración con su profesor en un proyecto de investigación.

Profesora de español, Julieta Falce-Robinson, cree que la inmersión en la cultura es importante para la competencia lingüística, de lo contrario se desconecta con el idioma y es mucho menos probable que lo aprendan.

Para Hawkins, estudiando en Barcelona fue crítico para su adquisición del español. Debido a que todas sus clases eran en español y sus profesores no hablaban inglés se vio obligada a hablarlo todo el tiempo. En nuestra vida cotidiana, realizar las tareas pertinentes como estas en un idioma extranjero es lo que la profesora Falce-Robinson define como el aprendizaje basado en tareas.

Clases de aprendizaje mediante el servicio son otra opción para practicar el español en las interacciones de la vida real. Estas clases son un requisito para la especialización de comunidad y culturas de español en UCLA, pero se ofrece como un curso electivo para los estudiantes de otras especializaciones en español.

Profesor Falce-Robinson enseña clases de aprendizaje mediante el servicio. Aquí los estudiantes tienen la oportunidad de utilizar los conocimientos culturales y lingüísticos adquiridos en las clases de español en situaciones reales. Ella cree que las clases de aprendizaje mediante el servicio ayudan a los estudiantes alcanzar la competencia lingüística de la que tanto el estudiante como la comunidad benefician.

Maggie Sosnowski, estudiante de lingüística y español de cuarto año, esta tomando una clase de aprendizaje mediante el servicio a través de la cual sirve a la comunidad latina por 8 a 10 horas a la semana y donde practica su español. “Ha sido 100 por ciento beneficioso, me está haciendo utilizar el español en lugares donde nunca tenía que hacerlo,” ella dijo.

La interacción personal es una parte esencial del aprendizaje de cómo hacer las conexiones reales entre el conocimiento y la práctica.

El Departamento de Español y Portugués de UCLA ofrece opciones de práctica a los estudiantes que proveen experiencias de aprendizaje significantes y relevantes ayudando a crear un puente a las barreras del lenguaje en la comunidad que les rodea.

mexico-2010-155

Learning Beyond La Biblioteca

The second largest language spoken at home in the United States is Spanish, according to the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey.

Katie Hawkins, a fourth-year Spanish student, believes that it is beneficial to be bilingual in Spanish and English because it is helpful in finding a job, and because in a largely Spanish-speaking city like Los Angeles it is necessary in order to communicate with the majority of the population.

Given the prevalence of Spanish, UCLA’s Spanish and Portuguese Department offers real life practice to prepare students to speak the language proficiently and better serve the needs of diverse communities.

The budget crisis has made it difficult to maintain small class sizes, but according to the Chair of the Spanish and Portuguese Department, Maarten Van Delden, there are now capstone seminars, a new requirement in the Spanish major. These seminars give students the opportunity to practice their Spanish in a smaller class sizes and work closely with their professor on a research project.

Spanish Professor Juliet Falce-Robinson believes that being immersed in the culture is important for language proficiency, otherwise one remains disconnected with the language and much less likely to learn it.

For Hawkins, studying in Barcelona was critical for her acquisition of Spanish. Because all of her classes were in Spanish and her professors did not speak English she was forced to speak it all the time. In our everyday life, performing relevant tasks like these in a foreign language is what Professor Falce-Robinson defines as task-based learning.

Service-learning classes are another option for practicing Spanish in real life interactions. Service-learnging classes are required for the Spanish community and cultures major at UCLA, but are offered as electives for other students in the Spanish major.

Professor Falce-Robinson teaches a service-learning class that gives students the opportunity to use cultural and linguistic knowledge acquired in Spanish classes in real-world settings. She believes service-learning classes help students attain language proficiency from which both the student and the community benefit.

Maggie Sosnowski, fourth-year, Spanish and linguistics student, takes a service-learning class through which she serves the Latino community 8-10 hours a week while practicing her Spanish.

“It’s been 100 percent beneficial, it’s getting me to use my Spanish in settings where I never had to,” she said.

Personal interaction is an essential part of learning how to make tangible connections between knowledge and practice.

The UCLA Department of Spanish and Portuguese offers students options that provide meaningful and relevant learning experiences helping bridge language barriers in the community around them.

Illustration: Maria Esmeralda Renteria

Homeless at UCLA: Financial strain causes students to make their school a home

Illustration: Maria Esmeralda Renteria

During midterms and finals, UCLA becomes a temporary home for fatigued students slumped over half-opened books. But for some, sleeping on campus has become more permanent.

“The longest I stayed was last quarter. I stayed here for two whole weeks,” said Jose a second-year molecular cell and developmental biology student.

As an AB540 student, Jose doesn’t receive financial aid, and is unable to afford housing. Sleeping on an office floor three days a week has become the norm. Jose’s commute is five hours round trip; he boards four buses, traveling 30 miles each way.

Packing up a large duffle bag as if going on vacation, Jose prepares for his two week stay on the floor in a small corner office.

The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development states that a person is classified as homeless if their nighttime residence is a public place, not intended as “a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings.”

While he does not consider himself homeless, Jose does not deny the impact his situation has on his academic performance.

“Sleeping on the floor gets to you, your back hurts and then you don’t sleep sometimes you just do all nighters, so it does affect you academically,” said Jose. “Not having food to eat that affects you mentally.”

Jose is reluctant to contact administrators out of fear of being told he can’t sleep in the office he regularly occupies.

“I can’t categorically tell you that I’ve dealt with a homeless student,” said Enku Gelaye, Executive Officer of Student Affairs.

Gelaye leads the Economic Crisis Response Team (ECR) in the office of the Vice Chancellor, a group of twelve university administrators that develop solutions for students experiencing financial crisis.

Through a referral system, the ECR Team connects students with on-campus and off-campus resources.

Though Gelaye is confident that solutions for students experiencing housing issues due to financial crisis can be found in their financial aid package, she acknowledges that for undocumented students this is not an option.

“Where I’ve seen the most direct impact with the increase of tuition has been for undocumented students; we just don’t have a financial aid solution,” said Gelaye.
The recent increases in tuition and proposed $500 million cuts to the University of California system, students face increased financial challenges.

Anticipating a rise in commuter students, Gelaye stated that talks have begun regarding possible sleep options on campus, although she is not sure what those would look like and will not be implemented soon.

For the past few years, AB540 students have organized a “crash catalogue” to address housing needs through the student group Improving Dreams, Equality, Access and Success (IDEAS).

According to Charlene Gomez, Membership Chair for IDEAS, the network currently consists of six off-campus residents that can house students.

Of the 100 students on the list, 50-75 utilize the service each quarter by contacting Gomez. Gomez then arranges accommodations for the student.

The catalogue officially began in 2010, though it was informally practiced prior to this time.

“AB540 students are not welcomed institutionally as far as what resources they have access to,” said Gomez, “so we have to create our own.”

While Jose has used the catalogue service in the past, the limited availability has forced him to continue sleeping on the office floor. Until an alternative housing option becomes available, he will roll out his sleeping bag and settle in for another night on campus.

Ronaldo in 2010 PHOTO: Paula Ferrari

Ronaldo Retires After 18 Years

Ronaldo scoring the winning penalty in the 1997 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Final against Paris Saint-Germain. Photo: Wikipedia.

After 18 years of professional play, after being named FIFA Player of the Year three times, after setting – and still holding – the record of 15 goals scored during the World Cup, and after winning the World Cup twice, Brazilian soccer superstar Ronaldo retires from the game because of persistent knee injuries and his body’s inability to keep up.

With tears in his eyes and his two sons by his side, the 34-year-old announced his decision on February 14, which ended his contract with the Brazilian club Corinthians.

Fans have been disappointed with Ronaldo’s performance, which has been deteriorating for two years during which he’s faced three serious knee injuries that have threatened to end his career. He’s been forced to work even harder since he learned he has hypothyroidism, a condition that makes it difficult for him to stay in shape.

According to NPR, Ronaldo said that he wants to “publicly apologize for failing in the [Copa] Libertadores project,” the most important Latin American tournament.

However, team President Andres Sanchez handed him a jersey with the words “forever” and “phenomenon,” and former Inter Milan teammate Youri Djorkaeff said, “Ronaldo is the best player I ever played with.” Many would agree, despite his downfall these past few years.

IMG_0963

Father Boyle, “the Ghandi of the Gangs”

“Father Boyle, the Ghandi of the gangs.” To some this may seem an exaggeration, but to others this is exactly what Father Boyle represents, because he truly was a form of relief and a hope to a better future for gang members.  Homeboy Industries is an organization created by Father Gregory Boyle, a Jesuit Roman Catholic priest.  Homeboy Industries assists former gang-involved youth and the recently incarcerated to become contributing members of the community.  This free program enables counseling, education, tattoo removal, and job training and placement to provide an opportunity for young men and women to redirect their lives for a better future.

Father Gregory Boyle came to speak about his book, Tattoos on the Heart: The Power of Boundless Compassion, at UCLA on January 26th, an event provided by the UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center.  The small room where his speech was to be given was packed with people curious about what he had to say, and they had their full attention on him.  He told stories about his reasons for creating Homeboy Industries, how the company came to be, and what it meant to many of the gangsters.

About the industry, Father Boyle says, “We didn’t start, we just evolved.”

He believed in the industry, and that is why he had hope in pursuing the company despite much of the hate that had arisen upon establishing the company.

Father Boyle made sure his audiences kept full attention on him.  He spoke about being asked to do baptisms, quinceñeras, weddings, and (jokingly) exorcisms.  Never turning away an individual who walked into his office, he teared as he recalled individuals to whom he had reached out to and to whom he could have made a difference if they had only stepped foot in his office.

There was a group from Homeboy Industries, whom he had the opportunity to take as speakers at the White House Conference on Children and Youth in 2005.  It was a symbol of their achievement of how far they had come, where they were now sipping white wine with First Lady Laura Bush.  “Anything worth doing is worth trying” is a motto Father Boyle lives by to this day.

Father Boyle says the “chips have fallen into place,” as Homeboy Industries and Homeboy Bakery have expanded to sell their chips and salsa at various Ralphs locations in Southern California. I have yet to try some of these chips, but I am sure they are delicious, as Father Gregory Boyle strives to create the most authentic taste of home in a bag of chips.

-Jess

For your benefit, Homeboy Industries Contact Info:

130 W. Bruno St.

Los Angeles, CA 90012-1815

(323) 526-1254

threejess

A Peek at Latino Style

Latinos value their sense of family and are loyal to their indigenous roots. These UCLA students’ style and apparel show their cultural pride.

Robert Castillo
First-year political science student

What he’s wearing: Robert wears an OBEY shirt with the statement “The limits of tyrants are prescribed by the endurance of those whom they oppress,” which he interprets as political corruptness.

Why he’s wearing it: Having first learned about OBEY when he watched They Live, a film about propaganda, Robert often wears this brand of graphic tees to convey his own political opinions. His belief that government can be corrupt stems from the Mexican government and its relation with the drug cartels, which has personally affected his family living in Mexico.

More about OBEY and its creator, Shepard Fairey…
Some may most likely recognize the work of artist Shepard Fairey from the 2008 presidential election poster of Barack Obama. With the word ‘HOPE’ written under the candidate, the artwork became a symbol of inspiration and possibility. His artwork is a combination of street art and graffiti and often carries a political message.

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Cynthia Jasso
First-year political science student

What she’s wearing: Cynthia is wearing skinny jeans, which she feels is typical American clothing, and is carrying a morral, which she brought back from a trip to Mexico. What she especially likes about the morral are the vibrant colors, each of which has a special meaning, and if she were ever kicked out of her house, the morral is the one thing she would take with her.

Why she’s wearing it:  Cynthia describes her style as “Ni de aquí, ni de allá,” in reference to her Mexican and American influences. She constantly struggles to represent both cultures through her clothing and stay true to her indigenous roots.

More about the morral…
These handmade sacks represent a large part of the spiritual beliefs and cultural practices of the Huichol, an indigenous ethnic group in Mexico. The Huichol people use this bag to carry sacred offerings for special ceremonies.

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Nancy Pino
Second-year physics student

What she’s wearing: Nancy is wearing tan leather sandals with floral details and rubber soles, a variation of the Mexican huarache.

Why she’s wearing it: Every year she visits her parent’s native country, Mexico, and always brings back shoes and handmade jewelry because they have unique designs. She especially likes that they are made by the people and represent their hard work. She also likes the raw and earthy material they are made from. She wears these items to express her culture and share it with others.

More about these huaraches…
These handwoven leather shoes have been a staple of Mexican-style footwear for hundreds of years. They were originally considered peasant shoes and were handmade from woven leather and rubber soles. Variations of the huaraches became popular in the US and can now easily be found in shoe stores during the summer season.

ICEAgents

Immigration to Audit 1,000 More Businesses in Search of Undocumented Workers

In order to make sure their employees are eligible to work in the United States, immigration officials are getting ready to audit some 1,000 businesses, according to Fox News Latino.

Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) notified companies of new upcoming audits of their I-9s, forms new employees complete. These identification documents are proof to employees that they are eligible to work in the US.

ICE claimed in a statement, “No one industry is being targeted nor is any one industry immune from scrutiny.”

In the fiscal year that ended September 30, ICE performed 2,746 investigations and arrested 196 employers, which contributed to the record 393,000 deportations last year.

On a wall near Nevin Ave. and East Adams Blvd. Photo: Paulina Aguilar

Writings on the Wall: Piecing together graffiti art and culture

From park benches to art galleries, graffiti has moved into the mainstream, but along the way has cultivated risk, fame and controversy.

Much of the controversy about graffiti and graffiti art stems from a lack of understanding about it as culture. Luis Hernandez, a former graffiti artist, explains that, “Graffiti is an art form; that is all it is.”

The allure of getting recognized for their artwork pulls a lot of graffiti artists into the scene. Graffiti artist, Disk One explained that many artists do this to get their name out.“Artists aren’t there to threaten the government; they are out there to promote their art,” said Disk One.

Graffiti’s transition into mainstream culture has also increased its bankability.“The dream and motivation of one day becoming a rich artist or designer inspires many to tag,” said Hernandez.

Banksy uses a Westwood wall as his canvas Photo: Maria Esmeralda Renteria

Although there are many artists out there trying to make a name for themselves, there are few prominent artists who have obtained international success. British street artist, Banksy, creates art pieces in locations all over the world.

Currently, Banksy’s signed aerosol stencil of Abraham Lincoln on cardboard is being auctioned for $20,000-30,000 at Sotheby’s auction house. That is just a modest example of what his pieces go for; several of his art pieces have been sold for millions.

Graffiti art isn’t just art; there are standards and a culture that develop around it. Disk One explained that what differentiates true graffiti art from tagging is the purpose that it serves. The meaning becomes compromised when art mixes with different motives.

For some, it becomes a form of rebellion. Hernandez explained that the pull factor is being a part of a culture that deviates from mainstream society. “[Tagging] is everywhere just like rock used to be all over, kids wanted to be rock stars. Now graffiti is all over, now kids want to start tagging,” said Hernandez. He adds that when kids start tagging, they know the criminal risks involved, but this contributes to the excitement.

Graffiti’s relationship with crime and violence differentiates it from other art movements. The dangers not only come from people outside the culture, but also other artists. Graffiti artists are often part of a culture that can turn on them. Hernandez recalled that a few years ago, a member from a tagging crew he was a part of shot at him because Hernandez created a piece, which covered a portion of his artwork. The relationship between this subculture and violence still doesn’t prevent people from attempting to create what they feel is art.

The risks they take appear reckless to observers, yet the idea of rewards and recognition keeps graffiti artist active. “When you strip [graffiti] down it’s all art, it’s beautiful,” said Hernandez.